Recently, the city was doing maintenance on the utility lines near us, causing us to have to close for the day. This 17-mile Byway starts north of Asheville at I-26 at Exit 19. French Broad River History. History. U.S. Geological Survey. Basin Size: 5,124 square miles (13,270 sq km). He pitches his tent well before dusk and sits by … The Cherokee people, the historic Indigenous Americans who occupied this area at the time of European encounter, referred to the river by different names: Poelico and Agiqua ("broad") in the mountains of the headwaters; Zillicoah upriver of the confluence at present-day Asheville; and Tahkeeosteh (racing waters) from Asheville downriver. At the height of its production in the 1980s. The river winds and tumbles for miles through the wild wooded mountains of the Cherokee National Forest and the dispersed community of Del Rio. French Broad River History & Geography Based on dating of rocks through the course of the river, the French Broad is believed to be one of the oldest rivers in the world. The Cherokee Indian traveled along the warpath, which crosses the French Broad river into Northview at River Road and traded with the whites. Neuse and Governor Caswell Memorial, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_Broad_River&oldid=993114921, Rivers of Buncombe County, North Carolina, Rivers of Henderson County, North Carolina, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Riverdale, Tennessee, 7.5 miles (12.1 km) above the mouth(mean for water years 1945–1983), Barnard Road in Barnard (put-in for Section 9 of the French Broad, a Class III-IV whitewater run that is the most frequently paddled section of the river), Several golf cart path bridges over the Cain Islands, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 21:32. Here To Help. Knoxville has always been the major regional market town … Tags: fishing, French Broad River, local sports, outdoor recreation, Western North Carolina (WNC), View AshevilleHomesforSale’s profile on Facebook, View BeverlyHanksAssociatesREALTORS’s profile on Google+, 7 Sweet Shops to Help You Win Valentine’s Day, Help Us Choose the Best Fireplace in WNC: Round 2, French Broad River Recreation & Pollution. Combining regional and cultural history with … Its meandering course indicates that it predates even the Appalachian Mountains, through which it flows. The river discharges an average of 7,878 cubic square feet per second (223.1 m3/s) into the Tennessee River. Much of the French Broad is appropriate for wading and swimming, but swimmers should be cautious of fast-moving currents and eddies. The French Broad River is accessible year round from many points along its 218 miles. South of Rosman, the stream is joined by the Middle and East forks to form the French Broad River. Tennessee designated their portion as a “state scenic river” in 1968. It drains large portions of the Pisgah National Forest and the Cherokee National Forest. [11] The paddle trail is a part of the North Carolina State Trails System, which is a section of the NC Division of Parks and Recreation. Its confluence with the Holston River forms the Tennessee River at a place known as "Forks of the River", at the eastern edge of present-day Knoxville. This site provides free resources, data, and assistance to those with local and family history interests in Sevier County. In the past few decades, scheduled clean ups, increased regulations, and the additions of greenways, hiking trails, and bike paths have restored much of the French Broad River. The entire history of the dinosaurs. The river provides a natural pathway through the mountains. After passing through the mountain resort of Hot Springs in the Bald Mountains, the river enters Cocke County, Tennessee. … Its meandering course indicates that it predates even the Appalachian Mountains, through which it flows. Sourced near Rosman, NC, in Transylvania County, flowing north to converge with the Tennessee River in Knoxville, Tennessee. In fact, the French Broad is the only river basin that’s home to the distinctive Eastern spiny softshell turtle. French Broad River, river rising in the Blue Ridge, Transylvania county, western North Carolina, U.S., and flowing 210 miles (340 km) northeast past Brevard, then northwest past Asheville, N.C., and through the Great Smoky Mountains into Tennessee, where it turns west to join the Holston River near Knoxville, forming the Tennessee River. History, M.A. The French Broad River is believed to be one of the oldest in the world because it cuts through ancient rocks in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. More than 10 species of rare fish and three rare mussels are found in the French Broad River, including the federally endangered Appalachian elktoe mussel. In 1783, thirteen years before Tennessee became a state, the first permanent settlers were attracted to the Dandridge area by the French Broad River and a good spring, around which the town was laid out. Visit Dandridge, Tennessee’s second oldest town, and stroll down the sidewalks through history! 1:24,000. French Broad: 260 to 325 Tennessee River: Dissects the Appalachian Mountains, formed by the Alleghenian orogeny, 320–340 ma. One of two rivers in theUnited States that flows north, the French Bro… The primary advocate for the preservation and protection of whitewater rivers throughout the United States and connects the interests of human-powered recreational river users with ecological and science-based data to achieve goals within our mission. The company made in excess of 15.000 duck, goose and swan decoys per year. River in North Carolina and Tennessee, United States, This article is about the river west of the Eastern Continental Divide (ECD) in western North Carolina. Wilma Dykeman wrote the book The French Broad (1955) about the river. We offer a very relaxing and enjoyable vacation for families in our own beautiful dude ranch. Headwaters Outfitters proudly acknowledges the birth of the French Broad River right at our property, dubbed by the locals as “The Forks of the River.”. Known as Court House Falls, the waterfall rushes into a creek that feeds the North Fork, which joins the West Fork near Rosman and eventually the Middle and East forks to form the French Broad. It rises in North Carolina near the legendary Revolutionary battlefield for Kings Mountain and is one of only three rivers to cut through the spine of the Appalachian range. The Wilma Dykeman RiverWay Plan connects 17 miles of existing and projected greenway systems in Asheville. Its confluence with the Holston River at Knoxville is the beginning of the Tennessee River. In spring 1955, praise flowed like the French Broad River itself for Wilma Dykeman ’s debut book, The French Broad. They spill from a 50-foot waterfall called Courthouse Falls at the terminus of Courthouse Creek near Balsam Grove. The greenways meander along the French Broad and Swannanoa Rivers, from Biltmore Village north to the edge of Woodfin. Take U.S. 25/70 toward Marshall and turn left at the first stoplight onto Monticello Road. Near Sevierville, at Kodak, the French Broad River receives the flow of the Little Pigeon River, which drains much of the Tennessee section of the Great Smoky Mountains. The book brought public attention to concerns about the polluted condition of parts of the river. The river is also the subject of the monograph Watershed: The French Broad River (2012) by Jeff Rich. NC. August 20, 2019 | 5 minute read. French and Cherokee History The river was named the French Broad to distinguish it from North Carolina’s other Broad River and because the territory into which it drained was held by the French. When the collison took place, over thousands of years in duration and millions of years ago, the land slowly buckled and began the formation of the Appalachian Chain. The headwaters of the French Broad River spill from a 50-foot waterfall in Transylvania County. • Waterproof • Tear-Resistant • Topographic Map. It is one of the larger TVA developments on a tributary of the Tennessee River. Will Yeiser and David Byers officially launched the French Broad River Academy in June, 2009. River Tubing: A History One of French Broad Outfitter’s favorite things to do is to go tubing. French Broad Overview NC Scenic Byway: Drive NC Highway 251 to three riverside parks. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. The mighty French Broad River has seen it all. The evolution of brachiopods. The entire watershed consists of over 4,000 miles of streams and rivers that feed into the French Broad River. Simply click the Contact Us link in the menu. The flood destroyed hundreds of homes in the area and engulfed industrial plants, warehouses, and businesses along the French Broad. It existed before a huge landmass crashed into the eastern shores of the main body of land that is now North America. The project was organized by RiverLink, an organization that promotes the French Broad Watershed as a place to live, learn, work, and play. [10] The river is considered to roughly mark the eastern boundary of the Cherokee homelands in this region, which included areas of present-day northwestern South Carolina, northeastern Georgia, and southeastern Tennessee. They fished, hunted and made baskets of river cane, which was plentiful. Animals living near the river include black bears, beavers, river otters, turtles, salamanders, and a variety of songbirds and raptors. In Buncombe County, the river flows through the city of Asheville, where it receives the water of the Swannanoa River. The Cherokees had several names for river, including Tah-kee-os-tee or “racing waters,” as well as Poe-li-co, Agiqua, and Zillicoah. Under the provisions of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1880, a project was undertaken on the lower French Broad Rier to create a channel with a minimum depth of 2. feet during times of extreme low water. Approximately 33 miles (53 km) of the river in Cocke County, starting at the North Carolina border and extending downstream to the place where it flows into Douglas Lake, are designated as a Class III, Partially Developed River. In 1987, the North Carolina General Assembly established the French Broad River State Trail as a blueway which follows the river for 117 miles (188 km). Riverside Park, a popular amusement park and gathering place on the French Broad, also perished under the floodwaters. The fast-flowing tributaries of the French Broad are also ideal for several species of trout, bass, bluegill, and crappie. The New, Susquehanna, French Broad are the only significant rivers that fully dissect the Appalachian core; the Hudson River is … The French Broad River is believed to be one of the oldest in the world because it cuts through ancient rocks in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. While we are unable to perform research for you, we are happy to guide you toward resources. For the similarly named river in western North Carolina east of the ECD, see. Upstream from Asheville, the waters breached or destroyed all th… In the 1890s, citizens of the rapidly growing town of Asheville turned to the French Broad as the solution for a stinky issue: trash disposal. Overview and History. The French Broad is the third oldest river in the world, older than the mountains from which it flows. County. The French Broad River drains large portions of the Pisgah National Forest and the Cherokee National Forest before entering the state of Tennessee. By 1792, the settlement had grown to suc… WCU 2008 “From Asheville to the Tennessee line, the Southern Railway follow the tortuous windings of the French Broad River, crossing it from bank to bank several times.” ~From “With Pen and Camera thro’ the Land of the Sky, 1904.” Early in the 19th century railroads were being built throughout the expanding United States. At an estimated age of 260–325 million years, the river originated in the Paleozoic Era, predating primitive reptiles, dinosaurs, and mammalian life. Beginner White Water or Scenic Floats create the ultimate place for a weekend get-a-way or an after class adventure. The river basin encompasses 24 municipalities that had a total population of about 400,000 people in the early 2000s. [8] However, the current topographic relief of the Southern Appalachians is relatively new, making it virtually impossible to estimate the age of the river.[9]. Letter from Jennie Vineyard to N. A. French Broad as the author not only took time to detail the geological and physical aspects of the waterway but she also touched on the historical significance of the river with stories of the settlement of the area by pioneers and entrepreneurs. USGS 03451500 FRENCH BROAD RIVER AT ASHEVILLE, NC. The following is a partial list of crossings of the French Broad from Brevard to the confluence with the Tennessee River. The river trail presents an opportunity to open up access to these rivers so more people can enjoy them, and realize what a precious resource they are. In Cocke County, the river passes through the community of Del Rio, and receives the waters of both the Pigeon and the Nolichucky rivers northwest of Cocke's county seat, Newport. Historic Dandridge bears the distinction of being the only town in the United States name after Martha Dandridge Washington, wife of our first President, George Washington. A Natural Pathway Through the Mountains. The waterfall feeds into a creek that becomes the North Fork, which joins the West Fork west of Rosman. In summer, especially, the Cherokees camped on the river island (Seven Islands, Johnson Island, Bryant Island and Cain Island). Downstream of Asheville, the river passes north through Madison County, where the county seat, Marshall, developed along the river. ", "Researchers Find Evidence of Geological 'Facelift' in the Appalachians", "Size of the North Carolina State Parks System", Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, List of North Carolina State Natural Areas, C.S.S. French Broad Outpost Ranch is the best Dude Ranch in Tennessee for a memorable Tennessee vacations for families. After flowing through a wide gap in Bays Mountain, it enters Knox County. Via the Congaree, it is part of the watershed of the Santee River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. Both the Holston and French Broad Rivers, major navigation routes for early Tennessee settlers, flow through the county to their junction north of Knoxville, where they form the Tennessee River. It damaged or washed away railroad tracks and demolished all three bridges across the river in Asheville. Featured existing and upcoming parks and greenways include the French Broad River Park and Greenway System, Carrier Park, and Karen Cragnolin Park. The foot path allowed people to move animals and goods from the flatter lands … The rise of mammals. Possibly four of Earth’s five prehistoric mass extinction events. This would suggest the French Broad existed … Today, the French Broad River offers a variety of recreation opportunities, including tubing, paddleboarding, kayaking, fishing, and much more. The river headwaters are in Rosman NC, and it’s fed by water from 8 total counties in NC, for a total of 2,830 square miles. The French Broad River. Portions of the river are today protected the states of North Carolina and Tennessee. The nearby Broad River was originally named the "English Broad River". From there it flows northeast through the Appalachian Mountains into Henderson, and Buncombe counties. The Broad River Outpost, " the BRO", established in 1984 renting kayaks and canoes on Georgia's Broad River. A system of launch point sites was created along the river to support the trail. The French Broad flows through a number of wilderness areas, each with its own unique microclimate and wildlife. Following the river in the mid 1800’s was a drover’s road called the Buncombe Turnpike. Rosman in Transylvania County, North Carolina, into the state of Tennessee. The history of the French Broad in western North Carolina chronicles the waterway as industrial magnet and industrial dump, a route for trade and tourists, a home for rare aquatic species, and haven for generations of fishers, paddlers, and swimmers. Based on dating of rocks through the course of the river, the French Broad is believed to be one of the oldest rivers in the world. His firm was a small family-owned business located in Hendersonville. This is where its North and West Forks merge, beginning its long and north-easterly journey to the Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork French Broad River, North Carolina Rivers: Facts, Legend, and Lore, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: West Fork French Broad River, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: French Broad River, Introduction to the Upper Tennessee River Basin, "Answer Man: Is the French Broad one of the world's oldest rivers? "The French Broad River is a meandering river, which typically form in relatively flat landscapes. Giant insects. While many efforts have been made in recent years to ensure the river’s cleanliness, its water quality still varies, especially after large rain events. The headwaters of the French Broad River are near the town of Rosman in Transylvania County, North Carolina, just northwest of the Eastern Continental Divide near the northwest border of South Carolina. The French called the river the Agiqua, borrowing one of the Cherokee names. Dude Ranch in Tennessee Our Dude Ranch vacation includes various exciting activities that doesn’t involve phones or any electronics. The city is known for its arts with the River Arts District running along French Broad River and colorful street art dotted around town. Ultimately, the waters of the French Broad river end up in the Gulf of Mexico, via the Tennessee, the Ohio and the Mississippi rivers. The main sight in Asheville is the Biltmore Estate, a giant mansion with landscaped gardens built in 1889 by the Vanderbilt family. Will Yeiser at French Broad River Academy’s first campus in Asheville’s River Arts District in August 2009. Asheville, North Carolina — As a trio of kids on inner tubes quietly floated down the French Broad River outside Rosman, North Carolina, a nearby snorkeler broke the river’s surface, disturbing the quiet with a quick clearing of water from his snorkel. Notable Features: One of the five oldest rivers in the world. The Cherokee had different names for different sections of the river, including “Poelico, Agiqua (broad) in the mountains, Tahkeeosteh (racing waters) from Asheville down, and Zillicoah above Asheville.” French settlers borrowed the name Agiqua, while nearby English settlers called it the French Broad to distinguish it from the other broad river in Western North Carolina, the English Broad (now simply known as Broad River). The high elevations of the surrounding mountains mean that mountain rain is a regular occurrence through the French Broad River Valley. The French Broad River Company was started and owned by Bob Livingston who admits to being a total"duck freak. Over the next several decades, the ancient river became increasingly polluted with modern garbage—everything from household waste to industrial runoff. Before you jump into the river, review the water quality near you. In 1955, Asheville native and author Wilma Dykeman (1920–2006) made the first full-fledged economic argument against water pollution in her book The French Broad. Since human settlement, the river has been called a variety of names. We have sent thousands of tubers down the river, who all come back with big smiles after a few hours of sitting back in the relaxing water. French Broad River in Madison County. Outdoor enthusiasts seeking to explore the western parts of Cherokee and Pisgah National Forests will find National Geographic's Trails Illustrated map of French Broad and Nolichucky Rivers a complete guide to the area. The river flows through the counties of Transylvania, Buncombe, Henderson, and Madison in North Carolina, and Cocke, Jefferson, Sevier, and Knox in Tennessee. The portion of the French Broad River in Tennessee was designated as a state scenic river by the Tennessee Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. The French Broad is older than the mountains in which it now finds itself. The French Broad, a Tennessee State Scenic River, has a rich history and compelling variety along its course through Cocke County. Mussel returns to French Broad River after 100-year absence. The French Broad River has a North Carolina watershed of 2,830 square miles; its total length in North Carolina is about 70 miles. The Broad River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 150 miles long, in western North Carolina and northern South Carolina in the United States. The French Broad River flows 218 miles (351 km)[4] from near the town of The French Broad River where it flows near Paint Rock, N.C. On the third day, he walks even more slowly than the last, and when he gets to a certain bend in the river where the water collects in a deep pool, he finds himself unwilling to move from the spot. The French Broad River State Trail is a 67-mile blueway and paddle trail in North Carolina, with launch points available along the trail. The company closed a number of years ago. Dykeman’s book and the national environmental movement of the following decades inspired renewed local interest in the river. See Article History. The river enters the slack waters of Douglas Lake, which was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority's Douglas Dam in Sevier County, approximately 32 miles (51 km) upstream from the river's mouth. (The two other very large ones are Norris Lake on the Clinch River and Cherokee Lake on the Holston River.). Sharp, 14 Apr 1868 The French Broad Driving Tour Believed to be more than 260 million years old, the French Broad is one of the oldest rivers in the world. The French Broad is one of the oldest rivers in the world, dating anywhere from 260-325 million years old. Average January Water Temperature: 45°F (7°C), Average August Water Temperature: 72°F (22°C). Rosman, NC. Initiated as a project during the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Douglas Dam was completed in the 1940s on the lower French Broad by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to provide electricity and flood control. Stackhouse & Runion Communities Rafters on the French Broad River catch a glimpse of the Victorian house as they drift by and hikers on the Laurel River Trail may walk past remnants of the foundations of buildings and railroad trestles from the Runion community which grew … For much of the twentieth century the river was environmentally threatened, but through several public and private initiatives it has recovered and become an important natural and recreational area. However, the current topographic relief of the Southern Appalachians is relatively new, making it virtually impossible to estimate the age of the river. In Asheville, a variety of launch points are accessible from city parks. The terminus of Courthouse Creek near Balsam Grove was designated as a state Scenic River, which to... Knoxville is the Biltmore Estate, a popular amusement Park and greenway system, Carrier Park, and counties. 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