Although the Mitsubishi engines were more reliable than the original Mamori 11s, the aircraft was now even more hopelessly underpowered and further development of the type was halted. The Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate (キ84 疾風 Gale) is a single-seat fighter flown by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service in the last two years of World War II.The Allied reporting name was "Frank"; the Japanese Army designation was Army Type 4 Fighter (四式戦闘機, yon-shiki-sentō-ki).The Ki-84 is generally considered the best Japanese fighter to operate in large numbers during the conflict. B-29 Super Fortress (4000) - big 4-engine very long range heavy bomber designed to reach Japan from Pacific island bases. There are a total of [ 75 ] WW2 British Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945). Experimentation with turbojet engine technology had begun in Japan as early as the winter of 1941-42 and in 1943, a Japanese technical mission to Germany selected the BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet for development in Japan. I just can't get enough of this aircraft, the only operational, original WWII Japanese aircraft in the world today ! 31 bomb (ray-detective type bomb) and twelve 60 kg (130 lb) bombs. Winds, 2. Likely based in Oppama Air Field near Yokosuka, Japan there is no recorded tail number. Flowers, twin-engine, land-based medium bomber in service 1940-1945. [2] This was achieved by its structural lightness and an almost total lack of protection for the crew, with no armor plating or self-sealing fuel tanks. Lightning, 3. It could travel at a maximum speed of 428 km/h and could climb 8500 meters up while operating at a range of 2,852 km. The 20 mm cannon in its tail turret was much heavier armament than was commonly carried by bombers of either side, making aerial attacks from the rear quite dangerous for the Allied fighter aircraft. About 70 Japanese aviators, including Lieutenant Commander Higai, were killed during that battle. Video chat with this dealer . A large cargo of engines, engineering plans, photographs, and tooling sailed for Japan by submarine but vanished at sea. Landscapes, and 11. Stars/constellations, 6. Stars/constellations, 6. On 18 April 1943, sixteen P-38 Lightnings of the 339th Fighter Squadron of the 347th Fighter Group, Thirteenth Air Force, shot down a G4M1 of the 705th Kōkūtai with the tailcode "T1-323", carrying Admiral Yamamoto. It consisted of 20 Kōkūtai at the end of the war. As Japanese aircraft manufacturers lacked experience in building such large complex aircraft, the Navy was forced to search for a suitable existing foreign-made model upon which to base the new design. The G4M Model 11 was prominent in attacks on Allied shipping from 1941 to early 1944, but after that it became increasingly easy prey for Allied fighters. The final specification, issued on 14 September 1943, called for a plane with a maximum speed of 320 knots (590 km/h; 370 mph) able to carry a 4,000 kg (8,800 lb) bomb-load 2,000 nmi (3,700 km; 2,300 mi) or a reduced bomb-load 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi). From November 1944 to January 1945, G4Ms were one of the main types of aircraft used in the Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, and plans to use converted G4Ms to land commandos on the islands were developed in mid-1945 and cancelled only at the end of the war. [5], The G4M was designed for a long range and high speed at the time of its introduction. ", "Mitsubishi Type 1 Attack Bomber / G4M (Betty)", "Robert Greinert interview with Pacific Wrecks", "G4M1 Model 11 Betty Manufacture Number 1280 Tail 370, −321. About 10% of engines failed. It is noteworthy that with very few exceptions, almost all improvements in aircraft speed and load-carrying capability during World War II came from increased engine power and not from aerodynamic, structure, or system improvements in airframes. 18 of the G4M1s were shot down, by very heavy anti-aircraft fire and carrier-based F4F fighters. Flowers. The Navy designation was "Experimental 13-Shi Attack Bomber"; the Allied code name was "Liz". 3,500 of these fighters were built and operated with … Yahoo search gave me this, in response to a search for WWII Japanese Bomber … Designed to a strict specification to succeed the Mitsubishi G3M already in service, the G4M boasted very good performance and excellent range and was considered the best land-based naval bomber at the time. [5], When used for medium- to high-altitude bombing against stationary land targets like supply depots, seaports or airfields, it was much harder to intercept. [5] Due to deficiencies of the G3M in warding off concentrated fighter attacks Honjo incorporated 7.7 mm (0.30 in) guns in the nose, on top and both sides of the fuselage and in the tail a 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon was added. After the loss of Okinawa, G4Ms constituted the main weapon of the land-based Japanese naval bomber force. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). [2][1][3] It was not until later variants of the G4M2 and G4M3 that self-sealing fuel tanks, armor protection for the crew and better defensive armament was installed. Winds, 2. [5] Consequently, Allied fighter pilots to give it derisive nicknames such as "the flying lighter"[5] "the one-shot lighter", "the flying Zippo" and "the flying cigar" because of their tendency to ignite from damage to the wing fuel tanks after being hit by gunfire. The G4M's intended successor was the Yokosuka P1Y Ginga, although because of production problems, the changeover was only begun by the time the war ended. [N 1] and widened tail horizontal stabilizer wing area, which improved service ceiling to 8,950 m (29,360 ft) and maximum speed to 437 km/h (236 kn; 272 mph). [5] Despite successful tests the Navy shelved the bomber for the more heavily armed G6M1 variant in hopes it could be used as heavy escort fighter for other bombers. "Kugisho Suicide Attacker "Oka" (MXY7) Baka. Browse Aircraft. How China Could Sink a U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier. The Allied reporting name was "Betty".[2]. [11], Several other locations display pieces of G4Ms including the restored fuselage of a G4M2 is on display at the Kawaguchiko Motor Museum in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. (Japan Airlines Co) and clandestinely handed over to the Nakajima Aircraft Company for dismantling and inspection. There are a total of 36 ] WW2 Japanese Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [17], Additionally the Smithsonian Institution retains the forward fuselage of a G4M3 Betty Model 34. September 1943: individual exhaust stacks from 954th airframe onwards, Aoki, Hideo. To meet this requirement, it became apparent a four-engine lay-out would be necessary. Lack of fuel and test stands reduced these numbers to 1.5 hours and 2 hours, respectively, by the end of the war, with corresponding loss of reliability. In an attempt to salvage the project, two additional airframes were fitted with 1,530 hp Mitsubishi MK4B 12 "Kasei" engines and redesignated G5N2s. The Best of the Bombers of World War II. The army used a 24-volt electrical system, whereas the navy used a different voltage. Skies, 10. The G4Ms attacked along with older Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers, which made high-level bombing runs. A long ventral bomb-bay, glazed nose and twin tailfins replacing the DC-4E's distinctive triple rudder were included. The Mitsubishi G4M was a twin-engine, land-based medium bomber formerly manufactured by the Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. The bomber crews were from the Kanoya Air Group (later 751 Ku), Genzan Air Group (later 753 Ku), and the Mihoro Air Group (later 701 Ku), trained in torpedo attacks at an altitude of less than 10 metres (30 ft), and in long-range over-ocean navigation, so they could attack naval targets moving quickly at sea. WW2 Aircraft: The B-17. [5], The first production G4M was completed in April 1941 and was not discontinued until the end of the war.[5]. de Havilland Mosquito. There are a total of 80 WW2 U.S. It’s bomber versions had almost the same payload as B17 Flying Fortress but with only 2 crew not up to 10. Famous Airplanes of the World (1984), p. 2. The Nakajima G5N Shinzan (深山 "Deep Mountain") was a four-engined long-range heavy bomber designed and built for the Imperial Japanese Navy prior to World War II. Updated: Aug 22, 2018 Original: Jun 4, 2012 The Akutan Zero: How a Captured Japanese Fighter Plane Helped Win World War II Thanks to the rather far-fetched mid-1970s TV series Black Sheep Squadron, the bent-wing image of the Chance-Vought F4U Corsair is no doubt one of the most vivid of the World War II fighters in the minds of most Americans. Sometimes, assuming they did not catch fire after being hit in the wings by flak from the ground or by machine gun bullets from enemy fighters, G4Ms also proved to be able to remain airborne despite being badly damaged. Skies, 10. 603 and later had 30 mm (1.2 in) thick natural rubber plates covering the outside bottoms of the wing fuel tanks but this decreased their service range by 10%. Its Army designation was "Type 4 Heavy, The Ki-67 was the result of a 1941 Japanese army specification for a successor to the Nakajima Ki-49. United States Naval Photographic Center film #2966 . Plants, 9. Prince of Wales and Repulse were the first two capital ships to be sunk exclusively by air attacks during a war, while in open waters. The Allied reporting name was "Betty". In its first year of combat the G4M was a success, attacking U.S. Army air base Clark Field, Philippines on December 8, 1941 and taking part in the operation to sink HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse two days later. Other G4Ms received field modifications, resulting in the Model 24j. Clouds, 8. [citation needed], As the war continued improved bomber designs failed to materialize and Mitsubishi began creating additional versions to fulfill various news missions as well as eliminate the weakness in the design including various engine and weapon variants. Spring 1943: outer half of the tail cone cut away in order to improve tail gunner's field of fire. It had a cylindrical shape and gave a good performance, giving the US fighters a tough time in the skies.The bomber could take up a crew of 7 and had 2x 1200 kW power plants. The American bomber arm excelled to new heights by the end of the war in 1945 - resulting in larger, pressurized designs carrying remote-operated guns and heavier bomb loads. Seas, 7. Seas, 7. [6] In the two days of the Battle of Rennell Island, 29 and 30 January 1943, 10 out of 43 G4M1s were shot down during night torpedo attacks, all by U.S. Navy anti-aircraft fire. In 1939 the sole prototype of this airliner (previously rejected by American airline companies) was purchased by Nippon Koku K.K. How the F-35 Stealth Fighter Almost Never Happened . Failing these expectations the G4M1 was ordered into production. ", "Pacific Wrecks - G4M1 Model 11 Betty Manufacture Number 2806 Tail U-321", G4M2 Model 12 Betty Manufacture Number 12017 Tail 62-22, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mitsubishi_G4M&oldid=992562016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Total production of all versions: 2,435 examples, March 1942: the first aircraft (241st production example) fitted with, March 1943: from 663rd machine onwards, 30 mm (1.181 in) rubber ply sheets installed beneath the wing outer surfaces to protect the underside of the fuel tanks (speed reduced by 9 km/h (4.9 kn; 5.6 mph) and range by 315 km (170 nmi; 196 mi), 5 mm (0.197 in). "leaf roll") due to the cylindrical shape of its fuselage. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFumio1958 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1969 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAoki1972 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, "TAIC-SWPA No Number Mitsubishi G4M2 Betty (Captured USAAF Mitsubishi G4M "Betty"). Changing Engines. [2][3] The aircraft is also known for being the mothership that carried the Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, a purpose-built anti-ship suicide weapon during the final years of the war. Bomber Aircraft (1941-1945) in the Military Factory. G4Ms later made many attacks against Allied ships and also land targets during the six-month-long Guadalcanal Campaign (in the Solomon Islands) in late 1942. The Yokosuka D4Y Suisei (彗星, Suisei, "Comet", Allied reporting name "Judy") is a two-seat carrier-based dive bomber developed by the Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1942 to 1945 during World War II.Development of the aircraft began in 1938. In 1934, the Air Corps visionaries, led by Billy Mitchell disciples Hap Arnold and Tooey Spaatz under the command of Major Generals Frank Andrews and Oscar Westover, were able to secure just enough money (with the help of a few friends in Congress) to start the development of a new, modern, multi-engine bomber. It differed from the preceding model in having Mitsubishi MK4P "Kasei" Model 21 engines with VDM electric four-blade propellers capable of full feathering function, redesigned main wings with LB type laminar flow airfoil. [citation needed] The pilots of the Imperial Japanese Navy called the G4M the "hamaki" ("cigar"), however this was due to its shape. Japan's worsening war situation resulted in the project's cancellation in 1944 and no prototype was ever built. Japanese aircraft engines were subjected to a run-in of 7 hours by the Army and 9 by the Navy before being certified for use. It had 5 gun turrets and could carry up to 9 tons of bombs internally or even two 10-ton bombs under its wings, but typically it carried 4-5 tons in the long range missions to Japan. The Allies allocated the code-name "Liz" to the aircraft, in the expectation it would be used as a bomber. Famous Airplanes of the World (1984), p. 32. Nine G4Ms participated in the long-range bombing raid of Katherine, Northern Territory, on 22 March 1942 (the deepest inland attack on Australian territory during the war at over 200 miles from the coast). More than 100 G4M1s and their pilots and crews were lost (with no replacements or substitutes available) during the many battles over and near Guadalcanal (August to October 1942). As part of the negotiations for the surrender of Japan, two demilitarized G4Ms, given the call-signs Bataan 1 and Bataan 2, flew to Ie Shima, carrying the first surrender delegations on the first leg of their flight to Manila. Plants, 9. Once there, it would be refitted and make another return sortie. The G4M Model 11 was replaced by the Models 22, 22a/b, 24a/b, 25, 26, and 27 from June 1943 onward, giving service in New Guinea, the Solomons, and the South Pacific area, in defense of the Marianas and finally in Okinawa. It was conceived as a method for mounting aerial attacks from Japan against industrial targets along the west coast and in the Midwest and the northeast of the United States. ", Aoki, Hideo. The G4M was similar in performance and missions to other contemporary twin-engine bombers such as the German Heinkel He 111 and the American North American B-25 Mitchell. [5] On October 23, 1939, test pilot Katsuzo Shima flew the G4M prototype. 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