World Bank Warned that Pakistan’s Major Marine Fisheries Are Either Fully or Overly Exploited Out of the total marine fish production, three percentages for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Deep water Sheltered harbour/creeks/inlets Close to Karachi/relieve pressure on Karachi Port Near steelworks/Pakistan Steel Mill Flat land Space for industrial development  Growth of industry e.g. Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. Promotion of marine aquaculture. If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. The potential of only one type of fish i.e. The inland sector is somewhat more labor intensive and less productive 177,572 fishermen each producing an average of 0.80 ton per year compared with the more mechanized marine sector 146,917 fishermen each producing 2.59 ton per year. The Karachi fish harbour is severely affected by a variety of pollutants. Table of Contents → Fishing (Introduction) →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of Fishing Industry →Government’s efforts to develop fisheries 3. Answer (1 of 7): The main problems the fishing industry is facing in Pakistan are:1: Water PollutionPollution on the Coast of Pakistan is mostly limited to the Karachi area. Export in terms of quantity and value of the former fish commodity declined while the latter commodity increased during the same period. 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The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. Faisal Iftikhar, former president, Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association, said, Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations exports fetch $2.27 to $2.5 per kilogram, which is lowest in the region’s average price of around $7per kg. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. (opposite), explain the advantages and disadvantages of developing the fishing industry in Pakistan. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. The coastal belt is characterized by a meshwork of estuaries and creeks with mangrove forestry that serve as nursery grounds for species of finfish and shellfish. Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. According to Economic Survey of Pakistan, total fish catch during 2013-2014 increased slightly i.e. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Jessica Gephart and her colleagues remind us. Exports may increase in the next few years due to the establishment of a new land trading route from Gwadar to Guangdong, China. Lack of industry therefore no jobs [3] (c) Port Qasim is located 20 kilometers south-east of city A. The most important export product categories are frozen fish excluding fish fillets, which account for 58 percent of export value. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. The current information which focuses on modeling and technical work out in other countries to fishery management tools which is supposed to be a legal approach are not being used in the country. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. high protein, low cholesterol. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. Developing countries, as a whole, supplied slightly more than 50%. Aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab, Sindh, and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. the Fishing for Development joint meeting, which was held in April 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. 4. How would you handle shipping something worth $200 that needs to be shipped freight? This was a prepara-tion period for the shrimp culture industry in the world. Fish Farming is a new addition of recent past of 30 to 35 years to diversification of agricultural farm activities. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages:  More food. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. Demersal fish species are found in greater proportion. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. India is controlling the prices, with 200 factories exporting to the European Union countries. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. More than 50% of the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. The mechanical category includes freezing plants, canning, fishmeal plants and fish liver oil extraction plants. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. 1. Consumption Study Fig. Imports are a relatively small but growing component of the Pakistan fisheries sector. fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker [3] (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. Provision of modern peeling sheds for providing raw material to fish processing industry. Shrimps to Japan, dried fish to UAE and Sri Lanka which help to earn foreign exchange. Fishery management represents an organization consist of resources, industry market which are the basic pillars of fishery sector maintenance and these factors are interconnected with each other. resources in Pakistan. Also, harvested fish contributes to employment creation in food processing industries, transport sector and restaurants. Flake ice plants on harbours. The main problems faced by Pakistan’s fishing industry are technical, operational and regulatory in nature. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. He said fishery management laws should be of good policy and result oriented quality. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. Fish and shrimp processing is usually divided into mechanical and non-mechanical processing. It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Comparisons to other countries in the region suggest that Pakistan is failing to fully realize the potential of its capture. Get your answers by asking now. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. Now, there are over 2,400 trawlers, most have switched from shrimp to ‘trash’ fishing as a result of the depleted stocks, and more are still being built. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. Managing Fishing. The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. As far as marine capture fisheries are concerned, the World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s major marine fisheries are either fully or overexploited. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. During eight months of 2017 to 18, a total of 108,262 metric ton of fish and fishery products were exported. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. An expert on fisheries sector and environment, Omar Hayat said that during this period highest production, 93,820 ton, was observed in 1994. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. Forestry: About 4% of land is covered with forests in Pakistan. Fisheries currently contribute only 0.4 percent to the GDP, and the sector’s approximately $350 million of exports appears to be at a standstill. This declining employment is most apparent in the inland sector. At present, the fisheries industry is not itself the driving force within the fisheries value chain. development [12]. Trawler owners are not going for fishing due to fear as Maritime Securities Agency (MSA) had also started implementing the new deep sea policy. Fisheries Development Strategy SMEDA 5 Introduction Pakistan has a total coastline of 1,050 km and a total fishing area of approximately 300,270 sq.  Export e.g. Out of total Fish habitats have been badly affected by industrial waste overuse of reef area and sea visitors. Up-gradation of fishing vessels to control post harvest losses. Pakistan’s fishing grounds are termed as highly rich in marine life with a vast variety of An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. It addressed four topics high on the Women also constitute most of the labor force involved in net repair. Pakistan’s most valuable demersal fisheries resources have been declining in overall abundance since at least 1984, in some cases by 90 percent or more. Pakistan’s marine fisheries are diverse, with almost 250 demersal fish species, 50 small pelagic fish species, 15 medium-sized pelagic species, and 20 large pelagic fish species. Who knows how much to write out for each American? It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Although its share of the GDP currently is 0.9%, Pakistan earns 6% of its total foreign exchange earnings by exporting fishes, shrimps and other fish products. First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. 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