Second Generation of mordern computer (1955 - 1964) The period of second generation was 1959-1965. Examples are the IBM 1401, IBM 7090 and 7094, UNIVAC 1107, PDP-1 and 8. From these requirements, the concepts of programming language developed. C    Example of these languages include Perl, Python, Ruby, SQL, MatLab(MatrixLaboratory). They will rely on graphical user interfaces to design and development new solutions as well as conduct daily calibration and diagnostics. Quora User. The UNIVAC and ENIAC computers are examples of first-generation computing devices. The term generation summarizes major evolutionary advances in programming languages. 4. Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia. This generation marked a new era that was defined by the replacement of vacuum valves by transistors, which implied the creation of more reliable computers with less ventilation needs, making them commercially accessible and powerful. What is the difference between C and C++? L    Fourth-generation languages closely resemble human grammar and language. More of your questions answered by our Experts. at the machine level. Cryptocurrency: Our World's Future Economy? Tech's On-Going Obsession With Virtual Reality. These languages are often used for accessing databases. Are These Autonomous Vehicles Ready for Our World? A second generation (programming) language (2GL) is a grouping of programming languages associated with assembly languages. Second-generation languages offer various assembly mnemonics, which makes it easier for programmers to remember the codes. These computer programmers sometimes work in an office writing and designing software that controls automated industrial machines and equipment. 1GL or first-generation language was (and still is) machine language or the level of instructions and data that the processor is actually given to work on (which in conventional computers is a string of 0s and 1s). Programming with a visual interface allows users to easily understand and complete object-oriented programming tasks. G    D    S    2.) A    Tech Career Pivot: Where the Jobs Are (and Aren’t), Write For Techopedia: A New Challenge is Waiting For You, Machine Learning: 4 Business Adoption Roadblocks, Deep Learning: How Enterprises Can Avoid Deployment Failure. In second generation of computer transistors were used. Machine Language is an example of first generation programming language. Also known as a 2nd generation language. K    A third-generation language, such as C and Java, require a considerable amount of programming skills and knowledge. Acronym for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, the world's first operational electronic digital computer, developed by Army Ordnance to compute World War II ballistic firing tables. This is because hierarchical structuring increases control flow, which eliminates the need for confusing networks. Second-generation programming language (2GL) is a generational way to categorize assembly languages. Second-generation languages use an assembler to convert language statements into machine language. 2. There are very limited careers available for those who want to program in second- and third-generation languages. 2GL are mostly used for the implementation of low-level kernels and drivers and for performance-oriented and processing-intensive applications such as computer games, graphic manipulation applications and video editing applications. The first generation program language is pure machine code, that is just ones and zeros, e.g.0010010010101111101010110 {\displaystyle 0010010010101111101010110} . Examples of first generation computers are ENIVAC and UNIVAC-1. Second generation computers still require air conditioning. Image Courtesy: www.computerhistory.orgThe beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). 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